Guimarães is a northern portuguese city and municipality. The population of the municipality is 158,124 inhabitants, and the total area 240.95 square kilometres. Guimarães has a high population density (660 inhabitants/km2), reflecting the strong urbanization of the county. With half its inhabitants under 30, it is also one of the youngest cities in Europe.
Innovative smart city’s features
It is an historical city that had an important role in the formation of Portugal and it was settled in the 9th century, at which time it was called Vimaranes. The city is often referred to as the "birthplace of the Portuguese nationality" or "the cradle city" (Cidade Berço in Portuguese), birthplace of Afonso I of Portugal, the first Portuguese king. Guimarães is one of the country's most important historical cities. Its historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, making it one of the largest tourist centers in the region. Its streets and monuments breathe history and enchant those who visit. Since 2001, year that became UNESCO World Heritage Site, Guimarães developed awareness on the importance of heritage and through educational programs has make citizens committed and active participants in the preservation process. After that new challenges have been launched to the community and the success of these has proved its organizational capacity. Guimarães, jointly with Maribor, Slovenia, was the European Capital of Culture in 2012. During that year, the city has taken the opportunity to provide a strong cultural and social agenda, bringing several economic benefits, fostering urban regeneration, improving the city's image and raise its visibility and profile on an international scale. Once more, citizens joined strongly to welcome visitors making the event a huge success. Working on the path of a more inclusive city with a superior quality of life, Guimarães was also European City of Sport (CED) in 2013, being distinguished as the best CED of its year. As a European City of Sport, Guimarães believes in the society factor of aggregation that sport brings, while improving quality of life, psycho-physical well-being and promoting a best integration within social classes in the community. On the path of a better and sustainable city, in 2013, Guimarães has joined the Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy, submitting a Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAP) that was approved by the committee in 2014. Signatories endorse a shared vision for 2050: accelerating the decarburization of their territories, strengthening their capacity to adapt to unavoidable climate change impact, and allowing their citizens to access secure, sustainable and affordable energy.
Smart City’s strategy
In the past years, Guimarães has committed to become a more modern, sustainable, inclusive, smart city. Several projects and actions have been implemented in the municipality always with a strong community support. One of the city’s challenges is to create more comprehensive cultural program, better distributed throughout the territory, to combat the depopulation of villages and offering its residents a richer and more attractive cultural program, promoting inclusion and social development.
Urban interventions in priority sectors
Regarding the economic activity of the municipality, Guimarães is one of the portuguese regions with a higher degree of industrialization, 51% ver INE, highlighting the gradual implementation of the textile activity and manufacturing. The tertiary sector is represented by the banking and insurance, social, recreational and cultural services and domestic services, which are the highest incidence of sectors. Early 2015, City Council presented a innovative system where the waste collection will be effected by an electric vehicle that will travel around the Historical Center at different times of day. In Portugal tax on waste is calculated on the consumption of water, the Guimarães system is a pioneering project while introducing a payment system that benefits citizens that promote recycling of mixed waste, a strategy that it has not yet been implemented in any national council. This model of waste collection is the result of a project of Urban Services Division of the City of Guimarães, and has been distinguished in 2014 with the Prize "Work Writing Original" from Green Project Awards.
Burgas, is the second largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and the fourth-largest in Bulgaria after Sofia, Plovdiv, and Varna, with a population of 200,344 inhabitants and the total area of 253.644 km2. It is the capital of Burgas Province and an important industrial, transport, cultural and tourist centre. The city is surrounded by the Burgas Lakes and located at the westernmost point of the Black Sea, at the large Burgas Bay.
Koper is located in the northern Istrian peninsula in the Republic of Slovenia in the Obalno-kraška region The Municipality of Koper consists of an area of 303,2km2 and has 50.902 inhabitants. The old historic city centre of Koper used to be an island, populated since ancient times. The city had an important regional role during the middle ages when it was, for the difference of Trieste, part of the Venetian republic (13th–18thcentury).
Trieste is the regional capital of the Friuli Venezia-Giuglia region, in the north-east of Italy, located at a short distance from the Italian-Slovenian border. Trieste has a population of 205.413 in an area of 84,49 square kilometres, with high population density of 2431,2 people/km2. Its rich history dates back to the second millennium BC, while its name originates from the 10th-9th century BC from the Illyrian word Tergeste, meaning a market.
Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea, in the region of Dalmatia It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in the Mediterranean Sea, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva County. Its total population is 42,615 inhabitants. The whole region deals exclusively in tourism and it is the most highly regarded part of Croatia as Dubrovnik itself is on UNESCO World Heritage List since 1979.
Tinn is a municipality in Telemark County, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Øst-Telemark. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Rjukan. With the population of 6,066 and the area of 2,045 km2, the city borders the municipality of Nore og Uvdal (in Buskerud County) to the north, Rollag and Flesberg (also in Buskerud) to the east, Notodden, Hjartdal, and Seljord to the south, and Vinje to the west.
Tarnów is a city in southeastern Poland with 110738 inhabitants. The city has been situated in the Lesser Poland Voivideship since 1999, but from 1975 to 1998, it was the capital of the Tarnow Voivodeship. The city with a 680-year tradition is the second agglomeration in the Małopolska region in terms of size and importance. The city is located in the eastern part of the province, covers an area of 72km² and it is divided into sixteen districts, known in Polish as ‘osiedla’.
The island of Rhodes/ Greece is situated at the SE of the Aegean Sea. The island occupies an area of approximately 1,400 Km2 and has an actual population of 116.000 people. Rhodes Municipality (Public authority) refers to the whole island. The different people who settled in the island left their mark in all aspects of the island's culture: art, language, architecture.
Burgos is a medium-size city, located in the spanish region of Castilla-León. The city enjoys a privileged geographical position on an axis of Madrid and the North of Spain on the one hand and the Oporto – Irún route on the other. Due to this, it is well linked with the rest of the territory having a high strategic value in the urban area, with companies at high level at European scale.
As a world-renowned center of scientific research and a driving force for innovation and economic development, Paris-Saclay constitutes a major scientific, economic and territorial development project, at both French and European level. This territory comprises 27 municipal districts including 7,700 hectares classified as “OIN” national interest land, and 3 inter-municipal communities (Communauté de Paris-Saclay, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines and Versailles-Grand Parc).
The current evolution of cities makes it necessary to reinvent the way in which urban model management of territories is conceived. Therefore, a social, environmental and economic sustainable development is intended to be reached, so as to provide intelligent initiatives in the main sectors of urban management.
In this context, smart, innovative and high-technology based solutions must be proposed, in which integration and replication capacity play a significant role. The 1000Smart network innovation procurement process, and subsequently the procured solutions should operate under this context.
As part of 1000Smart network diversified cities and territories and stakeholders with different layers of responsibility are present. This involves a way of maintaining continuity, which contributes greatly to the integration and replication capacities that must predominate in the proposal. Additionally, an excellent experience with previous initiatives support of 1000Smart network which currently counts with more than 40 partners, 9 cities and towns and about 100 solutions under implementation. 1000Smart network targets 1000 smart ideas implementation upto 2020, in line with both EU targets and ESIF framework.